Limewash vs Whitewash vs German Smeared Mortar (or Mortar Wash) vs the Worn Paint Look

*Check out my post with example pictures and products used in “German Smearing” their brick.  Also see a video on one way to do it. *

If you have ugly brick and are wondering what to do with it, then you’ve come to the right place.  I really get excited about ugly brick!!  In fact, I wish I had a house with ugly brick on it because then I would have no problem covering it up and getting my FAVORITE look!!  If I had a house with nice brick then I probably wouldn’t be able to justify covering it up even to get a look I’d like better.

So, what are the choices for you ugly brick owners?

Well, there is Whitewash.  If you read my post on How to Whitewash Brick you can see my experience with that.  Whitewash is mixing water with paint.  The more water the more brick color you will see through it.  The problem with this is if you have red brick…. Red + White = Pink.  Yeah that’s right, you end up with pink brick and it doesn’t look good.So if you have red brick and you want to use paint then you really want to do the “Worn Paint” look.  This look involves painting the brick and sanding or scrubbing/washing it off (if its still wet) in random spots.

Here is a great example of a white painted house that has the paint rubbed off in spots:

worn paint brick
Source

Other ways you can achieve a similar look is to use a limewash.  “Limewash is a mixture of slaked lime and water that, as it dries, reacts with carbon dioxide in the air carbonating creating a tough, “rock” like coating.”  Source   Limewash has been around for centuries.

You can get that solid painted look with limewash if you put on several coats all over or you can get that “drippy”, “chalky” look (I know, very technical terms, lol) if you apply it randomly:

limewash brick

or here is another look for limewashed brick for a nice weathered chalky look:

limewash brick - weathered look
Source

There is a 3rd option but this one is a little more involved and a little less DIY friendly….Mortar Wash or Smearing Mortar.  There are a few different looks with Smeared Mortar.

Here is a house that the mortar has just been smeared a little bit:

smeared mortar
Source

Here is the front of the same house:

smeared mortar front of house

This is how the home owner said it was applied, “We used white mortar (and white sand) and had the brick masons “smear” a little mortar on… the bricks with their trowel as they went. We also pressure washed the brick lightly at the end of the job…. Bricks and it is called “hampton”. It is a queen sized brick. The mortar is white…. basic red brick. Really, the look here is achieved through the white mortar and by having a really good brick mason….”

I just love the look of red brick with white mortar.  Even if you aren’t going to smear the mortar, I think by FAR the best mortar color for red brick is white mortar…..oops, sorry for the tangent.

Now here is a house that has the mortar smeared a little thicker, see how it covers up more of the brick?-

smeared mortar partial
Source

Finally, if you want something that looks like stucco but you can still see the outline of the brick a little bit you’d do a full on mortar wash, which is thinning the mortar out with water and applying it all over the brick, like this house:

thick smeared mortar

You can’t see the brick color through a mortar wash, just the texture of the brick.

Well, I think that’s about it….Oh wait a minute.  If you are lucky enough to be able to choose your brick, then they do make brick that has the whitewashed look.

Here is just a few examples of your MANY different options:

brick with whitewash look
Source

white brick color

white brick color closeup

This would look nice if the mortar was the same color as the whitewash part of the brick.
Source

white brick color2
Source

So tell me, what’s your favorite look?

______________________________

UPDATE:  I’ve been getting tons of questions about German Smeared Mortar and thought I’d share an update.  I’ve recently seen some mortar being smeared and thought I’d try to explain the process because I don’t have pictures.

Step 1

Mix Mortar to the consistency of thicker pancake batter (thick enough to scoop onto a trowel but thin enough to spread)

Step 2

Scoop up some mortar on the bottom long edge of your flat-edged trowel.  trowel

Place on wall at a 45 degree angle and pull the trowel upwards leaving a thin layer of mortar on the brick.

spread mortar up brick wall with trowel

Step 3

Use a wire brush with a scraper on the edge to remove some of the mortar on the individual bricks.  This is where a picture of your desired look will come in handy.  You want to remove mortar from bricks randomly.  Some of the brick can have only some of the brick exposed and some can have all of the brick exposed.  You don’t want to remove the new mortar you just put on from the preexisting mortar because if you look at pictures of German Smeared mortar you’ll see the mortar is built up between the brick and only some of the bricks towards the middle of the bricks are exposed.  You can use the brush and the scraper on the end to get your desired look. Always, keep stepping back and looking at the big picture when doing this so you can get that weathered, random look.

wire brush with scraper for german smear mortar

Step 4

Use a damp tile sponge to smooth out the edges of the mortar you just removed and blend the mortar to the brick, rinsing the sponge often.  Then let dry.

tile sponge

Well, hopefully that gets you started.  I’m by no means am an expert, but hopefully it’s enough to test out.

Thinking about doing some German Smear on your brick?  I’ve been collecting info on it, you can see what I have so far here:

Easy way to Limewash your brick which gives an extremely close look to German Smear

Lisa’s German Smeared fireplace

Ann’s Exterior Brick German Smear

How to German Smear your brick

White Wash Brick vs Painted Brick vs German Smear

Sandi’s Whitewash Brick Fireplace

My painted fireplace – before I knew about German smear, lol

Enter your Email to Get the Latest!
}

Save

Save

VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
Rating: 3.2/5 (56 votes cast)
VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
Rating: +7 (from 15 votes)
Limewash vs Whitewash vs German Smeared Mortar (or Mortar Wash) vs the Worn Paint Look, 3.2 out of 5 based on 56 ratings

122 thoughts on “Limewash vs Whitewash vs German Smeared Mortar (or Mortar Wash) vs the Worn Paint Look

  1. Brian Boyle says:

    My house was built in 1890, is solid brick, and I would love to go back to that, but there are two layers of white paint on the outside. The original is lead base paint, and the more recent is not. If I can’t have natural brick, which would normally be my preference, then “peeling white paint” or the type of finishes that you are talking about would be my “next best” preference, as lead paint removal is very costly. Have you talked to anyone in this position, have they cleaned off peeling paint, bleached or otherwise cleaned the remaining paint, and left it as is? Thanks for your help.

    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  2. […] house is one of my favorites from DIY Home Decor blog. This limewash look is simply breathtaking. The rustic, weathered look definitely has me […]

  3. I really want to try to get this look for my fireplace. I am especially interested in possibly lime washing it…but the previous owners painted the brick a hideous orange/red color. Do you think the paint would change the effects of the lime wash? I’m wondering if it would be best just to paint white over it, but I like the distressed/rustic look.

    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  4. I think the German Smear technique looks like painted bricks… which sounds like it would be easier.

    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 1.7/5 (3 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: -1 (from 1 vote)
  5. […] A good overview of lime-washing, white washing and mortar wash […]

  6. I have a small area around 2 doors that are faux brick in a part of my living room. I dislike it very much! Our home was built in the late 1800’s and I’m hoping you can tell me if German smear would work on this type of fake brick? Also would it need to be sealed? The “brick” is smooth not rough.

    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: -1 (from 1 vote)
    • Tracey Buckalew says:

      I’m wanting to know the same thing. Did you ever get an answer?

      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
    • Can you tell us what the fake brick is made of? Determining the material will be pretty important for a product to adhere properly.

      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  7. I want to mortar smear and dark rock exterior. The rock is varying shades of brown, ranging into rusty orange. I want to lighten it up and minimize that orange color. Do you think German mortar smear will work? Thanks.

    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: -1 (from 1 vote)
  8. I want to paint or German smear my ugly dark red and black brick. Does German smear some in colors other than white. I do not want the brick color to show? What method would be best and is there a cost difference? Thanks for the help

    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 5.0/5 (1 vote cast)
    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
    • I think you could do it in whatever color you can find mortar in, which I know comes in a variety of colors. You can call your local Brick Yard and find some choices. If you don’t want the color to show, you are talking a “Mortar Wash”. (you can search for that to see pictures) You’d put it on thicker and it’d show the outline of the brick but not the color.
      You could also paint it.
      I don’t think there is much of a cost difference when you are talking about a small project like a fireplace.

      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: +1 (from 1 vote)
      • Thanks for those thoughts

        VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
        Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
        VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
        Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
        • What does it cost per sqr ft to do Herman smear?

          VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
          Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
          VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
          Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  9. Hey everyone,
    Check out my new guest post for a great tutorial on a very easy way to lime wash your brick. It gives a look very similar to German Smear.
    http://diyhomedecorblogs.com/easy-way-to-create-whitewash-brick-similar-to-smeared-mortar/

    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
    • kathy paschal says:

      I have an addition that is a different brick than than the original brick on the entire house. I want to do a mortar wash over the entire house. I am having a hard time finding a mortar color that works with the stone on the bay window, chimney and dormers…If they did have a color that would work, the brick companies are telling me that I would have to order an entire pallet of mortar! I only need 42 bags. I would like a warm grayish taupe color. Do you have a resource for mortar colors other than grey, buff and brown that would ship the smaller quantity..I ordered 1 bag that cost almost 70.00 with shipping!!! Maybe I need to paint and rub to get both the color and character I’m looking for? Thanks for your help!

      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  10. I have 1980’s yellowish & burnt orange stone on the exterior of my home. Any suggestions appreciated. Wood siding above stone. Greyish roof. White framed windows. What should I do with stone?

    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: +1 (from 1 vote)
  11. So, I too was intrigued by changing the brick color of a brick facade on either side of a gas stove in my lakehouse. I really didn’t like the color of the brick and had seen this “mortar bleed or washing” on a house I had seen driving around town one day. So, I went searching on the Internet for information. I found several articles and websites (although not as many as I had thought I’d find). I came up with my own “solution” and used thinset mortar that was left over from a floor tile install done several months back. I also purchased another bag at Lowes, but hardly used any of it, as it went a long way. I mixed the solution fairly thin (a little thicker than interior paint) and wiped it on with a large tile sponge. I decided to cut the sponge in half as it was hard to hold without dropping it. That worked much better for me. (I eventually, stopped using the sponge and put the mortar on by hand (with gloves on!). I let the mortar mix sit on the bricks for about 15 minutes, then took another tile sponge (one that had a scouring side and used that side to wipe off some of the mortar. I did use vinegar spray the next day and where I needed more brick to show, I sprayed it on, let it sit and used the scouring side of the sponge, burlap and at times sanding paper. Would be happy to share pics! I also wore gloves as mortar is like cement and will tear up your skin.

    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 3.5/5 (4 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: +4 (from 4 votes)
    • Yes!! I’d love to have pictures and share with everyone!! My email is Brenda -at- diyhomedecorblogs -dot- com I might take me a few days to get them posted b/c I’m having computer problems but I’d love to share them!! thanks so much for offering.

      VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 5.0/5 (1 vote cast)
      VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0 (from 2 votes)
      • Brenda,
        Is it possible to use the German Smear Technique on porcelain floor tiles? I have light beige, Tuscan 18″ textured tiles throughout the main area of my home. I loved the look for the last 16 years, but am ready for a fresher, whiter, updated look. Do you know if this application would hold up over time on flooring?

        VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
        Rating: 4.0/5 (1 vote cast)
        VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
        Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
        • Good idea, but I would not use this on floor tiles. It’s a rough texture that wouldn’t work well with a floor application. Plus I don’t think that it’d stick to the smooth surface of the tile.
          I don’t think there is much you can do with tiles of the floor besides replace or possibly go over it with a laminate floor, depending on the type of flooring 🙁

          VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
          Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
          VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
          Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
    • It looks nice but am wondering how much it costs to have someone do the German Schmeer technique on a 1800 sq. ft home that is 51% brick.

      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: +1 (from 1 vote)
    • Can you post pics of what your finished product looked like?

      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
    • Glenda Tobiason says:

      I would like to have pictures too and my E-mail address is:
      glendatobiason @ yahoo.com

      My brick is more of a darker red or maybe maroon, so hoping this might work on it (its just too dark). It’s not that bad, but the former owner’s kids got ahold of some paint and paint brush and went around the house with random splotches making the house look bad, but also the old mortar is being compromised too with age, so I’m hoping this will help the look of my home!

      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
    • Hi I’m going to do the smear on my brick wall in family room , can you send me some pics please off your job ? Thanks , mark

      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
      • sure. Send me your email address. I’ll be sending my pics to Brenda today, so as soon as she posts them, you can see them here. It is not a hard project, just more time-consuming that you think it will be

        VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
        Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
        VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
        Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
        • Jackie Imhoff says:

          Do you think you could use this technique over stucco that is made to look like bricks?

          VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
          Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
          VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
          Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  12. So, everyone is talking about darker brick, but are there any ways to spruce up light, white and greyish bricks? Ours looks daTed and we have this look in the kitchen, the fireplace and exterior. Thanks.

    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 4.0/5 (1 vote cast)
    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
    • That’s a great question! You can stain brick too if you are wanting to go darker but I think the German smear would look good on lighter brick too because it not only changes the color it also changes the texture…for lack of a better word. I love that the mortar fills in between the brick and then you can have some of the bricks not covered here and there. I think this is what appeals most about this technique or else we’d all just paint it white. You could choose to leave your darker colored bricks uncovered to give it contrast with the white mortar. Let us know if you do something, I’d love to see before and after pictures!

      VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
      VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  13. Hello! I want to use lime-wash to achieve the antiqued/super chippy look on the exterior of my 1930’s Savannah cottage, but am having an IMPOSSIBLE time finding either
    1) Actual lime-wash recipe that is detailed (what products to buy, how much of each product to mix together

    2) How to achieve the antiqued look- I saw a video where they hosed down the lime wash as it was drying after the first coat and then when in for a second coat with a brush, but didn’t give enough details or discuss what lime wash mix he was using

    HELP!!!!

    Ps- I’m a designer and painter and am using my house to experiment to possibly offer the lime-wash on exterior brick as an affordable option- so would REALLY REALLY REALLY appreciate any suggestions!!!!

    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 5.0/5 (1 vote cast)
    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: +1 (from 1 vote)
    • Have you seen this video?
      It’s really detailed: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=52AT130z5xo
      Also, if you do it, I’d absolutely love to hear how it went and before and after pictures!!

      VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 5.0/5 (1 vote cast)
      VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
      • Brenda-

        THANK YOU THANK YOU THANK YOU!!!! THIS IS EXACTLY WHAT I WAS LOOKING FOR!!!!!!! Yayyyy you really just made my whole day!!!! I can’t wait to get going on this project- living in Georgia, I am SO sick of brick ranch houses, and this is such an easy, cheap, and safe project I am hoping to be able to offer it as a “new” way to cheaply add curb appeal and character 🙂 I will DEFINITELY write and show pictures once i get going both on my website and on this blog as well!!

        The only thing left to work out (which I plan to do on the “test/experiment” brick wall hidden on my property is how and when to hose down while the lime is drying to create the super aged look I want.

        Thank you again!!!! And if anyone else has tips/tricks for lime-washing, the more the merrier!

        VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
        Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
        VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
        Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
        • Yay! Great, can’t wait to see it!!

          VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
          Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
          VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
          Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
    • I’ve been researching lime wash to lighten up a very dark rock fireplace on the exterior of my house. I found this video to be really informative and website to purchase lime (hard to find here in the states). Hope this helps. I would love to see your results. I’m a little nervous about starting, although I read that you can supposedly wash it off with acid if you don’t like it.

      http://www.earthpigments.com/limewash/

      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
    • Hi. I limewashed my entire two story brick house. The advantage, it was very cheap! I did it all myself at the cost of about 75 dollars. Disadvantage- it is very labor intensive because i had to do about five coats. It is also messy work. I love the finished product. I have a very White brick house. U dont have to do quite as may coats as i did though. Its personal preference. The ratio after researching pretty extensively on the web is like 1 part lime 6 parts water. I bought a 36 gallon trash can and dumped a 50 lb bag of lime in it then added about 33 gallons of water slowly mixing it with a drill with a paddle attachment on it. You have to mix it very well then keep mixing it everytime u fill up ur can with it. Ive also read to mix salt. You first wet the brick by spraying it with water then start with the lime. At first it seems ur getting nowhere but then it drys and its dazzling. The consistency should be thin like a pancake batter. I did mine three years ago and it looks great. Ive read it can last fifty years and gradually wear off but i cant say. I bought five 50 pound bags of lime and had one left over. There is a special type of lime u have to buy. Im pretty sure its type s, but please double check me on that. I had to look pretty hard to find it but ended up finding it at a local brick supply company. Hope this helps.

      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 2.0/5 (1 vote cast)
      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: +2 (from 2 votes)
      • That’s awesome! I’d love to share your house pics and process with everyone!! If that’s ok, please send me before and after pics at admin@diyhomedecorblogs.com
        Thanks!!

        VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
        Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
        VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
        Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
    • I noticed your comment about a video about limewash. If you are referring to this video: http://romabio.com/products/biocalce-classico/ then the product is BioCalce Classico and it is the only authentic slaked-lime paint from Northern Italy and is very easy to apply. Learn more at romabio.com/limewash. Best of luck, Ciao.

      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  14. Teresa Chittenden says:

    Brenda, I have a client that is wanting to add brick veneer to their kitchen back splash and then apply something like this mortar smear to it. My question is: What can I use for a sealer?

    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 2.0/5 (1 vote cast)
    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: +1 (from 1 vote)
    • I used a penetrating sealer for my cement tile and I’d think that’s what would work best for mortar too. I can’t remember the brand I used but I researched “sealer for cement tile” or “avente tile sealer” (b/c that’s where I bought my tile from) there were several article on it and learned about what I was looking for and then went to lowes or home depot and asked for something like that. I ended up sealing mine 3 or 4 times until when water was splashed on it, it didn’t turn a darker color and I haven’t had any problems with staining my white cement tile (and I did have a few small spots that stained it before I sealed it so I was relieved it worked). If I had had more time I would have ordered one of the sealers recommended from the cement tile stores b/c it probably wouldn’t have taken so many coats.
      Also, being the DIYer I am, I’d probably test sanding the mortar after it’s dried just to sand down the worst of the roughness to make it easier to clean. Don’t know if it’d work, but hey, that’s more than half the time of any of my projects…experimenting, lol
      I bet it’ll look beautiful, I’d love to see pics, if you do it 😉

      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 5.0/5 (1 vote cast)
      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: -1 (from 1 vote)
  15. I liked the picture of the full mortar wash, you can get the mortar in different colors, right?

    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: +1 (from 1 vote)
    • Yep, I’m sure there are lots of different colors. Are you guys thinking about doing it? If so I’d love to see some pictures 🙂

      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 1.0/5 (1 vote cast)
      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  16. Thanks for the cool article! I was going to have my exterior brick painted, but just found out today they don’t recommend it because it has some mold on it. Will any of the techniques you mentioned work instead? We need to be sure the brick can breathe. I’m wondering if mortar wash or smear might be okay??

    Thanks!
    Dawn

    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: +1 (from 1 vote)
    • I’m not an expert but I’d think that it could breath since mortar is made of sand and is similar to what the bricks are made of ?? Let us know what you find out!!

      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
    • Yes limewash has a chemical reaction with brick and actually acts as a protectant against mold and mildew. Its been used in europe for thousands of years.

      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
    • Authentic Lime based paints are breathable because of the mineral qualities to them. ROMABIO BioCalce Classico is an Organic paint that can easily create the antique limewash effect. Learn more at romabio.com/limewash. Best of luck, Ciao.

      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 5.0/5 (1 vote cast)
      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  17. Could you advise me on how much mortar I should be expecting to use per 100 sq. ft. Doing German smear

    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 5.0/5 (1 vote cast)
    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: +2 (from 2 votes)
    • Maine Susan says:

      Just what I wanted to know… I am doing about the same amount of bricks… did you get an answer or figure it out? Would love some advice… don’t want to buy a whole bunch more than I need if possible.

      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
    • Yeah, if you find out, we’d love to know. When I do a project, I usually spend more time running back and forth to the store than doing the project lol

      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
    • Check this article out to get an idea: http://diyhomedecorblogs.com/anns-diy-german-smeared-bricks/

      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  18. Hi everyone,
    I just posted an article of what products and techniques someone used to german smear their brick. It includes before and after photos.
    http://diyhomedecorblogs.com/how-to-german-smear-your-brick/

    VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 4.5/5 (2 votes cast)
    VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
    • Krista Holle says:

      I do not like the look of using a wire brush in the mortar (See the linear striations). It doesn’t look naturally worn at all. I’m trying to work up the courage to try this but the posted video using burlap seems to be more labor intensive but the look is much more attractive.

      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  19. Hey everyone,
    I just updated this post with some directions on how to smear mortar. I’m not an expert, but recently saw it done and hopefully have explained it clearly. Hopefully it, at least, gives you some direction on how to get started.

    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: +2 (from 4 votes)
  20. Donna Horne says:

    Hi, loved your article. I have an older home with variations of pink brick. Do you think it would look good with german smearing and if so would you use white mortar? Thank you for your time.

    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 1.0/5 (1 vote cast)
    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: +1 (from 1 vote)
    • Thank you. The great thing about German smeared mortar is that you can put more or less depending on the look you want. So if you wan to cover more of the pink brick and just have a little peaking through you can. I’m not sure how pink your brick is, but I love the classic look of red brick with white mortar, so if your brick is a redish pink then white mortar might help you achieve that look. I’d search in Google images for “red brick white mortar” and you might see something that looks like what you could achieve.

      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
      • Awe thank you so much for replying. You are such an inspiration. I’ll send pics to show you what I do

        VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
        Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
        VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
        Rating: +1 (from 1 vote)
    • Hi, did you ever try a mortar wash to your pink bricks? I’m curious to see how they look. I just bought a ranch style house with exterior pink/maroon bricks (and an occasional grey one). The mortar is almost maroon as well. I’m not convinced white mortar will work. Please post a photo if you can. Thanks!

      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
      • I haven’t tried it on pink brick, I’ve painted white paint on red brick and had to make sure the coat of paint wasn’t too thin or the brick looked pink, I’d suspect it’d be the same for pink brick. However, since mortar is a lot thicker than paint, I think it’d work a lot better for covering the pink than paint would. Also, since it’s pink brick, I’d probably want a thicker coat to cover it all up, lol. I’ll ask if anyone has done it on my Facebook page and let you know if I hear anything.

        VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
        Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
        VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
        Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
    • Hey, I just posted an article of someone who did this and she had every color brick of the rainbow, including pink and it turned out great:
      http://diyhomedecorblogs.com/anns-diy-german-smeared-bricks/

      VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
      VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
      • Hi Brenda,

        I resd Ann’s German schmear artical and she mentioned when it rains the brick turns red until it drys. Is that the case for all houses with German schmear? Thanknyou for your time.

        VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
        Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
        VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
        Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
        • It may be because she has a very thin coat of mortar on there.

          VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
          Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
          VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
          Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  21. I’m thinking of one of three options above. Our house has ugly brown brick. Can you line wash brown brick?

    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
    • I think lime washed brown brick would look amazing!

      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
    • I’m not sure I would use straight white mortar on brown brick tho. Maybe color it a light off white.

      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
      • I’ve seen off-white/ cream color painted brick houses and it looks great, so I think it would also look really good with a smeared mortar!

        VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
        Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
        VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
        Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  22. Kellie Wolf says:

    We have a old brick house that has the bricks painted over…

    Is it possible to do a German Schmear over painted bricks..?

    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
    • Sorry, I haven’t gotten back to you, life’s been crazy busy! I would think that it would work since brick is so rough. I would think that paint wouldn’t make it harder to adhere.

      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  23. I’m highly interested in doing this to my fireplace. We are getting hardwood directly afterwards, but felt like it would be best to paint the walls and fireplace prior, just so we don’t have to worry about the floor getting messed up. My question is, would it be okay to get it on the carpet? Also, how long after its application may infants, children, and pets come around it? Thank you for your time!

    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  24. Liza Buczkowski says:

    I want to do the smeared mortar technique on my ugly brick fireplace. My question is, does the mortar smear color need to be the same color as the existing mortar between the bricks? It’s a brownish red brick with greyish taupe mortar.

    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 1.3/5 (3 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
    • No, it doesn’t because you can cover up the taupe mortar and have your new mortar get thinner towards the middle of the bricks so that you see some of the red brick through it. Red brick with white mortar is a gorgeous look.

      VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
      VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: +1 (from 1 vote)
  25. Cynthia Perrell says:

    Where can we buy German Mortor Spear??

    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: +1 (from 1 vote)
    • It’s my understanding that it’s just mortar, the same stuff they use to go between the bricks. German Smear just refers to the technique that it’s put on. I just saw a show for Fixer Upper, my favorite show, where they did it and it looked great!
      https://magnoliamarket.com/the-school-house/

      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 4.0/5 (1 vote cast)
      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: +2 (from 2 votes)
  26. william charlson says:

    could you do it over inside glass back splash.
    I bought a condo recently that have carrabba marble counter tops but ugly glass back splash,
    any ideals would be grateful

    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
    • Hmmmm….. I can’t picture it, I think it would need to be a product that adhears to glass. If you used grout, I think it’d be really hard to clean.

      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  27. We have a den that is an enclosed garage. Two walls are brick. We want to do the mortar smear on those walls. Is it ok to use this method on interior walls?

    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
    • I think it would amazing inside!! It will be messy going on but if you protect everything well, it shouldn’t be a problem. If you do it, send me before and after pics!!! I want to see!

      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: +2 (from 2 votes)
    • Any tips in achieving this look over plastic fake brick? I have that on the front of my house and it’s so ugly.

      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
      • Huh, I’ve never thought of that before. I would try using some kind of paint for plastic. Something that dries slowly, so you have time to wipe it off in spots or add something to the paint to make it dry slower. The paint people know what it’s called. I’d try to get a sample piece of brick to test it out first, but I really think paint is your only hope.

        VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
        Rating: 3.0/5 (1 vote cast)
        VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
        Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
        • I have that 70’s faux red brick in my kitchen. Is there a way I could do a technique that would give a smear look? I am not removing it b/c of the cost, but I hate it. Any suggestions? Thanks.

          VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
          Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
          VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
          Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  28. Rusty Robertson says:

    Do you have any information on how permanent the mortar wash or smearing mortar is? We just built a house and the builder messed up and didn’t do messy mortar (even though we pointed it out as soon as they started bricking) so we are looking at our options and waiting on the builder to get back to us on what they are willing to do for us. My guess is they are going to give us a credit and tell us too bad. And any ballpark numbers on what either of these options cost? Perhaps it’s a per square ft cost? Any insight would be appreciated.

    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: +1 (from 1 vote)
    • Oh that stinks! You never get everything perfect, I remember a few time coming to our house as it was being built and being “surprised”, lol.
      I don’t know how much it costs to have someone do it. Hopefully someone else who’s commented has figured it out and and will come back with some information! If you find out, I’d love to hear back and if you get them to do it, please send me pictures!!! I’d love to see it!

      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: +1 (from 1 vote)
    • Terry Fragale says:

      Rusty, why don’t you do the job yourself. I’m not a contractor, never was. But I do everything in the way of house repairs. I built my first house when I was about 22-24 years old. I had a contractor put in my basement and I did the rest. I learned everything from a book!!! When it came to wiring and plumbing I read and read and then asked the building inspectors. I learned how to lay out a roof from a retired contractor and did it myself. I just finished putting wainscoting and beams in a coffer ceiling in a bedroom. And now I’m 69 years old. Been doing this all my life. I’ve never done a German Smear, but I know I could do it. I wouldn’t be afraid to try. You can buy premix motor in a bag. Mix it maybe 5 parts motor mix to 1 part water and smear it on. When it starts to dry, wipe some off.that’s how I’d approach it. Try it in the back of the house, maybe behind a bush. Don’t be afraid to get your hands dirty! You’ll save a lot of money. Good luck!!

      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: +2 (from 2 votes)
  29. We have a 1963 home with what I consider orange rough textured brick on 1 wall. What procedure, in your expert opinion would be best for this? The look I’m hoping to achieve is to minimize the orangish color. Thank you for any suggestions.

    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 2.5/5 (2 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: +1 (from 1 vote)
    • Well, I’m far from an expert 🙂 but I did notice that when I did my fireplace with paint, if I didn’t have enough paint on it, then it looked pink (red brick + white paint). So paint might not be the best for covering up the color. If it was me, I’d probably test a section with paint to see, but knowing that you might have to do the mortar wash: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zIuhAzw7P9E

      VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 4.0/5 (1 vote cast)
      VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  30. We have ugly concrete brick with dark pinkish mortar. Would love to do a schmear but would that work since we have a colored mortar?

    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 3.0/5 (1 vote cast)
    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  31. Hello Brenda, Enjoyed reading about the ‘German Smear/Schmear’. I’m having difficulty finding instructions for this process. Would it be possible for you to send me this? Sincerely appreciate your help Brenda!cat

    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: +1 (from 1 vote)
    • I’ve never done the technique, I was seriously considering it when we were building but then we decided to go with the craftsman look and use siding. Here is a video I found, though, that might help you: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zIuhAzw7P9E

      VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 1.0/5 (1 vote cast)
      VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
      • Terry Fragale says:

        Brenda, that video is pretty good! I’d use it as a teaching/learning video.

        VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
        Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
        VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
        Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
    • Marcella Mack says:

      There is a detailed page on pinterest in how to do this. Just type in German smear technique diy.

      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  32. The picture of the house/brick covered with mortar is my house. It is not watered down mortar but mortar mixed with sand and brushed over the brick. More pictures can be seen at Atticmag.com

    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 3.9/5 (10 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: +3 (from 3 votes)
    • Hi! Thanks so sharing! I absolutely love your house and I’ll check out that website.

      VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 2.0/5 (1 vote cast)
      VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  33. What finish latex paint do you use to whitewash a fireplace?

    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 3.0/5 (2 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  34. I want to do the German smear mortar on my indoor fireplace. Can you tell me where I can get that product or what it is.

    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: +5 (from 9 votes)
  35. Do you have before and after pictures ? What do you consider ” ugly brick “?

    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 3.0/5 (2 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: -1 (from 1 vote)
    • Well, I just did a google image search for ugly brick and I’d have to agree with what it came up with 😉

      VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 4.0/5 (1 vote cast)
      VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  36. All sounds perfect for our old red brick house, does anyone know if existing fretted joints can filled in the process and what mix ratios would be appropriate for application near the sea air?

    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 3.0/5 (2 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: +1 (from 1 vote)
    • I have no idea, but if you do find out the answer, we’d love to hear it!! Thanks!

      VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
      VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  37. How is the mortar wash applied? Spray on? Brick mason? Painter? Same with the lime wash? Who do I contact to do this for me? Or is this something I can do what method do I use?

    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 5.0/5 (2 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 0 (from 2 votes)
    • I would contact a brick mason and I’m pretty sure it would be applied with a trowel.

      VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
      VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: +1 (from 1 vote)
  38. As someone who has been in the Brick industry for 30 years I would recommend that you contact your local brick distributor and ask them to recommend a local brick staining crew. Mortar smearing is a technique that is best done in an exterior application.

    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 5.0/5 (1 vote cast)
    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: +2 (from 2 votes)
    • Hey, Thanks for your input! You wouldn’t happen to have any before and after pictures of stained brick would you??

      VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
      VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
    • What would you guys suggest for a 70’s house with a mixture of dark red and what looks like dark blue bricks? Our siding is yellow and the shutters are red…. not much money, but would love to do something with the brick. It is uuuuugly!

      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
      VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  39. I’m redoing our kitchen, which has an existing brick alcove (with arch) housing the cooktop and prep area. The existing brick is standard red, with gray mortar. I want to lighten it up, and add some character and texture. I love the smeared mortar look (shown in the outdoor fireplace on this page), but the mason contracted by the designer said he’s never done that on interior brick because power washing is the necessary last step and, indeed, all the smeared mortar treatments I’ve seen are on exterior brick. Whitewash has been suggested as an alternative, but that’s not at all what I want. Any suggestions?

    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 2.0/5 (1 vote cast)
    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: +4 (from 4 votes)
  40. Vanessa Neal says:

    I love the lightly smeared look…
    From what I can tell the mason does a flush or full mortar and then just wipes it off and doesn’t strike it??? Also the joint is a little wider than a normal joint, maybe a1/2 inch joint? If anybody has a detailed tutorial or explanation on how to achieve the slightly smeared mortar look I would appreciate any information you would share.,
    Also we are using med gray mortar on a buff brick with varying shades of gray in it..

    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
    • Sounds like it’s going to look amazing! I love gray! You’ll have to send us pictures when it’s done!!!

      VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 4.7/5 (3 votes cast)
      VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  41. Hi, I have white brick textured not flat or shiny. very well build from 1984. picture of brick will be sent if you want. I am bored . so are neighbors. I have a guy who wants to do a thick tan brick mortar rub. several tannish or gray colors for me to chose) where there will no real brick outlines. I told him I saw mortar deteriorate fast. he says he can spray a sealer. he wants $4500 for the exterior of a one story brick house with aprox 3400 sq feet. Please please advise. Thanks! JackBaumman.com North Dallas Realtor

    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: +1 (from 1 vote)
    • I think I know the look you are referring too, the mortar is applied so heavy, it looks like stucco. I, personally, don’t like that look. I want to still see the brick. I found a great article talking about mortar washing that might help you: Smeared Mortar or Mortar Wash

      VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
      VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  42. Vanessa Neal says:

    I love the smeared mortar look!
    Hope my mason knows the procedure.. If you have a detailed tutorial.. Please email it to me vneal50@yahoo.com

    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: +1 (from 1 vote)
  43. When you whitewash brick, does it also leave the mortar whiter looking? Or do you also have to have a brick mason redo the mortar white?

    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
    • If you do it with paint, you can build up the paint on the mortar as much as you want to make it white.

      VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
      VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  44. Thank you for this! We have some ugly red brick and I wanted to look into other options besides painting over it like our neighbors did. The limewash is my favorite! Thank you! Since our brick goes all the way to the top, and it’s a little high for us, who should we contact to help? Will a regular house painting company be willing to limewash?
    Thanks again!

    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 3.0/5 (3 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: -1 (from 1 vote)
    • that’s a good question. I’d definitely call around. Maybe try your local brick yard to for some referrals. I don’t know if a painter or brick layer would be more interested in doing it. Let us know what you find out!! And if you do it we’d LOVE to see before and after pics!!!!! (Definitely try some samples first 🙂

      VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0.0/5 (0 votes cast)
      VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
  45. Hi ! Enjoyed reading your blog !, the first house in your pics is.beautiful. I LOVE whitewashed brick. Did my fireplace and liked it so much I did my whole house.

    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: 3.3/5 (3 votes cast)
    VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
    Rating: +1 (from 7 votes)
    • Saw the pics on your website and it looks amazing!!! That is my favorite look!!

      VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 3.0/5 (1 vote cast)
      VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
      Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)
      • Thanks ! I am thrilled with how the whitewash look turned out.

        VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
        Rating: 3.0/5 (1 vote cast)
        VA:F [1.9.22_1171]
        Rating: -1 (from 1 vote)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title="" rel=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>